The goal of an accelerated program is to get students out of school and into the workforce as quickly as possible. As prospective students begin choosing a program that is the right fit for them, the accelerated degree program option is often a consideration. This often means weighing the pros and cons of an accelerated degree program to make a decision. The most salient feature (and biggest selling point) of an accelerated degree program is the ability to finish your degree more quickly. While that is a major benefit, it can come with a cost. Below, we take a look at the pros and cons of an accelerated degree program by breaking down each feature and discussing the positive and negative aspects of each.
Course Load for Accelerated Degree Programs
The vast majority of accelerated degree program students are non-traditional students who work full-time jobs. Moreover, many have partners and children. For them, attending college is just one more hat they have to wear. In addition to the term length, course load management plays a large part in successfully making it through a term. Because master’s degree program students are considered full-time at the six-credit mark, students can manage their courses by taking either one or two classes at a time. For those with eight-week classes, it’s possible to attend full-time (six credits) without ever taking more than one class at a time. This is possible because two eight-week courses occur one at a time within a 16-week semester.
Some critics argue that cutting down the term length to times as short as five weeks sacrifices the rigor of the course and is more of a marketing tool to get students to enroll. Some studies have shown that courses ranging from five to 10 weeks can result in a knowledge transfer process where content is not able to become part of the learners’ long-term memory, which can impact long-term recall. Proponents of shorter classes argue that without the condensed classes, these students would be blocked from earning a master’s degree in the first place because of the outdated 16-week semester model that was created for traditional-age college students. Moreover, administrators and professors state that students are required to move through just as much content in shorter courses as they would be in courses lasting 16 weeks.
Accelerated online bachelor’s degree programs consist of far more credits and can’t be shortened as much as a master’s degree. As such, there are accelerated undergraduate programs online that achieve accelerated status mostly through accepting transfer degree credits from other institutions (typically associate degree programs from community colleges). Online undergraduate courses will most likely be 16-week classes, as institutions are wary about cutting them too short.
Within the past decade, many institutions specializing in online bachelor degree programs have moved to competency-based course completion models where the ability to complete a course isn’t contingent on any chronological requirement. Rather, students are required to achieve mastery in salient skills and/or knowledge areas, which allows them to progress at their own pace. Highly motivated students can move through classes much quicker and shave off valuable time through rapid mastery and progression.
The traditional undergraduate experience includes a lot of extracurricular activities like clubs, sporting events, and informal social gatherings. These types of engagements certainly suffer due to the nature of online learning, but the majority of online students are not looking for a great deal of those types of things anyway. For those that may be seeking extracurricular functions, most online programs at both the undergraduate and graduate levels offer some form of an extracurricular outlet, such as joining a student-run organization related to the major or on-campus residencies that allow students to fellowship in person. These in-person meetings generally last one week and are a nice blend of academic and social programming that fosters close connections with peers and faculty alike.
Financing and Scheduling
When considering the financing and scheduling of classes, most believe that accelerated programs offer several benefits. Some accelerated programs actually cost less than traditional programs, and many of these programs are designed with convenient and flexible scheduling options to accommodate non-traditional students, typically adult learners with full-time jobs and families. One disadvantage is that there can be less available financial aid for accelerated programs.
Accelerated degree programs offer students the same education as a traditional degree program does, but they can be completed in much less time. Weighing the pros and cons can help prospective students determine if these are the best programs for them.
Hybrid accelerated programs also bring a mixed bag when it comes to pros and cons. Hybrid programs may require one or two campus residencies throughout the duration of the program, or they may have weekly on-campus instruction in a classroom. Hybrid programs with weekly in-person instruction are regional programs that cater to local students who can travel to campus with minimal issues. With such a large in-person commitment, many working professionals may find it to be cumbersome and opt for a 100% online format.
Hybrid programs that require lengthy residencies that can extend to a week or more may increase the programmatic costs in terms of tuition and fees to pay for travel, room and board, and meals. Additionally, some students find it difficult to schedule large blocks of time to be away from their jobs or families. While hybrid programs offer enriching face-to-face learning and networking opportunities, they come with extra commitment and costs.
Besides online programs, more accelerated degree programs are incorporating blended course curriculums to allow students to complete the number of hours in less time. In these programs, half of the student’s time is spent in a classroom, while the other half of the coursework is designed to be completed online with various activities, recorded lectures, readings, discussion forums, and other types of activities.
Most Popular Accelerated Degree Programs
Accelerated business degree programs have always been at or near the top when it comes to popular online degrees. The bachelor degree in business is typically the most common degree conferred in all of higher education, due to its utility and diversity.
Accelerated bachelor degrees in business can be completed in three to four years when starting from scratch. Students can complete the 120 credits at one institution or may choose to complete an associate’s degree at a community college before transferring to a baccalaureate institution. Students with previous college experience can complete an accelerated bachelor’s degree in business in 18-24 months.
Accelerated master’s degrees in business can be finished in as little as 12 calendar months, depending on the program. The typical timeline ranges from 12-24 months and depends on course load, programmatic structure, and the ability of the student to finish as quickly as possible. Other popular majors related to business include accounting, economics, finance, and supply chain management.
Computer science and IT-related degrees are popular accelerated degrees options, as they are in high demand. They also prepare graduates to sit for industry certification exams, which can increase employability and pay. The typical accelerated bachelor’s degree program can be finished in three to four years for new students and one to two years for transfer students with considerable previous college experience. Students can also shorten the timeline by passing exams that give them credit for mastery of certain skills and knowledge.
Bachelor’s and master’s degrees in education are popular choices, as they prepare students for a specific career path. These programs also do not have long lists of prerequisites, so people with previous college credits or those wanting to switch careers can make a seamless transfer. Bachelor’s degrees in education typically prepare students for their initial teaching license in elementary, secondary, or special education. They can be completed in three to four years for new students.
Students of graduate programs in education can vary from those seeking administrative credentials to classroom teachers seeking certifications in specific areas such as career education, distance learning, and special education.
Peer Engagement of an Accelerated Degree Program
Detractors of online education have always pointed to a lack of peer and professor engagement as the main argument that online instruction is inherently inferior. For students seeking in-person discourse and interaction with peers, online courses might not be the preferred modality. They may be better off in a hybrid program that requires occasional residential visits or even a course that meets in person once or twice per week.
With the advent of new technology, students can now engage with their peers and professors at even greater rates than they could in person. Synchronous courses that allow students to meet virtually in real-time can garner even more interaction, as some people are more comfortable speaking in an online seminar. Additionally, online communication channels such as message boards and forums allow students and professors to engage each other in writing, which is helpful to those who may not be as comfortable speaking. Communication scholars posit that online connections, friendships, and networks can be even stronger than in-person relationships.
Semesters vs. Terms
Accelerated programs often utilize shorter periods for classes to be completed, with quarters or terms taking anywhere from between five and 12 weeks to complete. In contrast, traditional programs are completed in 16-week semesters, meaning that a longer amount of time is spent taking each course. Longer semesters give students more time to study and learn each subject.
Typically, a full-time student in a traditional bachelor’s degree program will take 12-17 credits per semester, which equates to four to five courses at one time. These programs are designed to be finished in about four years. Master’s degree programs are typically designed to be completed in two years. Enrollment in master’s programs is evaluated differently, as six credits are typically considered full-time. Often, classes in traditional programs for both degrees are offered in 16-week semesters.
In an accelerated degree program, students complete the same number of courses and coursework in one to three years or sometimes less for a bachelor’s degree. Courses in a master’s degree can be completed in one to two years. Courses are continuous throughout the year, and many accelerated program courses are offered in eight-week terms rather than the longer 16-week semester.
Synchronous and Asynchronous
Synchronous delivery refers to real-time delivery of course content, such as a live streaming lecture. Asynchronous delivery is not in real-time and allows students to view the content on their own schedule. Each form of delivery has its pros and cons, and which is better depends on the students’ learning needs, goals, and schedule. The main drawback of synchronous learning for distance education students is the requirement to be online at a certain time. This means that students do not have the ability to view content when they want. This can be a difficult task for students with full-time jobs and other outside obligations such as family. There is evidence that synchronous learning can increase engagement due to the live nature of the content and the ability to have discussions, but other studies have shown that asynchronous students can engage with content at a deeper level because they can learn it on their own time.
Time Required for an Accelerated Degree Program
The amount of time spent on an accelerated degree program can be both a benefit and a disadvantage. An accelerated program means more to do in less time. The programs include the same number of courses with similar readings and an amount of coursework that is comparable to a traditional four-year program. On the surface, that looks like a definite benefit, but there are disadvantages to this as well.
The amount of time required to complete the courses more quickly can be a disadvantage. With families and full-time work positions, students in an accelerated degree program can find themselves with a full schedule and much less free time than students in a four-year program.
When choosing an accelerated degree program, it is best to consider your current situation and try to find the best fit. After reading this list, it should be apparent that not all accelerated programs are built the same. Whether you’re seeking a bachelor’s or master’s degree, it is imperative to find the program that works best with your lifestyle and goals.
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