5 New Information Technology Advances
- Artificial Intelligence
- Cloud Computing
- Machine Learning
- The Internet of Things
- Virtual Reality
If you’re pursuing an Information Technology degree you should be aware of advances in the industry. Often people in these fields are in high demand. Along with this high demand, salaries are usually high as well. Here are 5 of the newest advances in information technology:
1. Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence (AI) uses advanced technology to mimic human thought processes. It was once the province of pure theory. But in recent years AI has made its way into mainstream consumer technology. Examples of AI technology in use by consumers include driverless cars and facial recognition in smartphones.
Industry experts expect in the coming years that AI will improve a wide range of applications, such as in:
- retail assistants
- virtual assistants
Students well versed in AI can find themselves in the forefront of developing these applications.
2. Cloud Computing
Cloud computing refers to using servers on the Internet to store data instead of keeping this information on local servers or PCs. In recent years, this has led to a big change in how consumers use computers. It has become common for them to store their mail, photos and important files on the Internet for safekeeping. But this technology has become increasingly popular for businesses as well. According to Forbes
, 77% of companies today have at least one of their applications residing on the cloud. This number should only increase in the coming years.
3. Machine Learning
Machine learning is similar to AI in that it uses technology to replicate human processes. But instead of simulating thought, machine learning is about building systems that can learn and improve based on the data they receive. Applications of machine learning include:
- product recommendations
- email and malware filtering
- search engine refinement
These technologies are all still in their nascent stage. But in the near future many expect them to be refined considerably. Today’s IT students should play a big role in this refinement.
4. The Internet of Things
The Internet of things (IoT) refers to embedding devices and appliances with the ability to communicate over the Internet. Examples of this technology include:
- smart home devices
- wearables such as smartwatches
- connected cars
- a wide range of industrial equipment
Even farmers are using the technology to bring agriculture squarely into the 21st century. The Globe and Mail
predicts that by 2020 there will be tens of billions of these devices connected to the Internet, and students of today can play a big part in this and future increases.
5. Virtual Reality
Virtual reality (VR) entails simulating a 3-dimensional environment. It uses technology that includes:
- viewing devices such as helmets and goggles
- haptic-feedback devices such as gloves
When most people hear the term VR, they often think of gaming and other forms of entertainment, but VR extends far beyond this. Businesses use the technology to train employees. Doctors have been using it to improve medical procedures. In the near future, VR will significantly advance industries such as:
- space exploration.
In conclusion, while information technology is always an in-demand field, certain advanced technologies are especially in demand. Students working toward an Information Technology degree should pay particular attention to these advances as they prepare for their future careers.