Since 1947, the CIA has played an important role in national security. This federal agency collects and analyzes intelligence to protect the United States from national security threats. Among the security threats the CIA focuses on are counterterrorism, international organized crime, narcotics trafficking, arms control intelligence and counterintelligence. Earning a college degree is an excellent start to pursuing a CIA career, but which program of study is the right choice for an aspiring CIA agent depends on what position most appeals to him or her.
Careers in the CIA
The CIA needs qualified specialists in their analytical, language, clandestine service, business, information technology, security, science, technology and engineering positions.
Analysts assess intelligence information regarding military threats, foreign political developments, the economy and technology.
Linguists use their foreign language skills in research into foreign countries’ media, while language officers provide translation and interpretation services for the agency’s clandestine services.
Field officers in the CIA’s clandestine service travel overseas to collect human intelligence that helps the agency protect national security.
CIA positions in business, information technology and security encompass more than 50 career disciplines within these fields. Regardless of their background, each of these professionals assists the agency with national security protection either in Washington, D.C., or abroad.
Similarly, science, engineering and technology positions with the CIA take many forms, but each technical intelligence officer uses their technical skills to research, develop, or analyze new technological solutions.
The Path to a CIA Career
Regardless of which career path appeals to an aspiring CIA agent, there are a few constants. While a college degree is not an absolute requirement, it is highly recommended, according to the official Central Intelligence Agency website. For many positions, a master’s degree is preferred. Education in a foreign language is a plus, even for candidates seeking a position outside of linguist or language officer. While a number of degree paths can prepare candidates for the various positions available with the CIA, a few preferred subjects of study include biology, chemistry, nuclear engineering, physical science, finance and economics, The Houston Chronicle reported. Other potentially beneficial majors include a foreign language, criminal justice, corrections, crime scene investigation, law enforcement, cybercrime, homeland security, law, political science, mathematics, law and political science.
Attaining a CIA career isn’t all about the education. To get the necessary security clearance, candidates must be legal citizens of the United States and cannot have a criminal record or use illegal drugs or controlled substances, even in states where those drugs are legalized. They must also be able to pass physical and mental exams. For some positions and career paths, candidates must fall into a specific age range and complete training programs that can last for 18 months.
A career with the CIA will allow you to put your skills to work protecting national security. Though the competition for these jobs is fierce, having the right education, background and skills can help you achieve your dream career.