5 Specializations in Computer Science

5 Computer Science Specialties

  • Cybersecurity
  • Mobile Computing
  • Software Engineering
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • UI/UX Design

The world is driven by technology. It’s heavily reliant on trained computer scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, computer science as a profession is growing much faster than average. It’s creating a demand for students completing degrees in computer science. A broad range of specializations is available in this dynamic and constantly evolving field. Here are five specializations in the field of computer science.

1. Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity is among the fastest-growing specializations in computer science. Much sensitive data is stored online. Companies of all kinds, from retailers to banks are willing to pay top dollar for skilled cybersecurity professionals. Cybersecurity computer scientists oversee digital security at every level, from the user interface to deep server computation. To meet the demand, a large number of colleges and universities are offering computer science students:

  • cybersecurity certificates
  • degrees
  • minors
  • specializations

Cybersecurity professionals average around $99,000 annually.

2. Mobile Computing

Mobile computing is another in-demand specialization in computer science. Consumers engage in a huge variety of activities via smartphones:

  • social media engagement and chat
  • banking
  • insurance and more

Students taking this specialization will become skilled in every area of mobile technology, from Bluetooth to app building. An increasing number of higher education institutions are offering specializations in mobile computing. Many students with this specialization will receive job offers within a few months of graduating. Mobile computing specialists earn about $89,000 annually.

3. Software Engineering

Software engineering remains as important as ever as a specialization. There are multiple areas of focus within it. Software engineers may work in any industry, including:

  • finance
  • business
  • game development
  • graphic design

The vast majority of colleges and universities that offer computer science degrees will offer this specialization, whether as a concentration or as a minor. Software engineers are much in demand. This area of focus is growing faster than average, especially for application developers. On average, software engineers earn over $100,000 a year.

5 Specializations in Computer Science

4. Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence is a rapidly expanding field. It connects the field of computer-driven machines with human learning capabilities. From chatbots to androids, AI is quickly becoming a part of everyday human life around the world. Specialization in artificial intelligence is not yet broadly offered at colleges and universities. However, a number of institutions have introduced this specialization and continue to develop it as new AI discoveries are made. Computer scientists who specialize in artificial intelligence can expect to earn better than $170,000 a year.

5. UI/UX Design

User interface and user experience design in CS is another specialization. It merges computing knowledge with:

  • psychology
  • graphics
  • art

It improves the way humans interact with computers and computing machines. UI/UX designers and engineers focusing on making software, applications, and machines as usable and accessible as possible. Most institutions offer a UI/UX design specialization. UI/UX engineers earn an average of $80,000 per year.

Related Resource: 20 Best Online Bachelor’s in Computer Science

Each of these specializations in computer science offers a unique path to the computer science student. The path depends on their skills and interests. Each offers a path to long-range,  sustainable careers in the field.

Brenda Rufener
Author

Julie McCaulley
Expert

Carrie Sealey-Morris
Editor-in-Chief