5 Computer Science Specialties
- Mobile Computing
- Software Engineering
- Artificial Intelligence
- UI/UX Design
A world driven by technology is one heavily reliant on trained computer scientists. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, computer science as a profession is growing much faster than average as is the number of students completing degrees in computer science. A broad range of specializations is available in this dynamic and constantly evolving field. Here are five specializations in the field of computer science.
Cybersecurity is among the fastest-growing specializations in computer science. With so much sensitive data stored online, companies of all kinds from retailers to banks are ready and willing to pay top dollar for skilled cybersecurity professionals. Cybersecurity computer scientists oversee digital security at every level, from the user interface to deep server computation. To meet the demand, a large number of colleges and universities are offering cybersecurity certificates, degrees, minors, and specializations for computer science majors. Cybersecurity professionals average around $99,000 annually.
2. Mobile Computing
Mobile computing is another in-demand specialization within computer science. Consumers engage in a huge variety of activities via smartphones, from social media engagement and chat to banking and insurance. Students taking this specialization will become skilled in every area of mobile technology, from Bluetooth to app building. An increasing number of higher education institutions are offering specializations in mobile computing, and many students with this specialization will receive job offers within a few months of graduating. Mobile computing specialists earn about $89,000 annually.
3. Software Engineering
Software engineering remains as important as ever as a specialization, and there are multiple areas of focus within it. Software engineers may work in any industry, from finance and business to game development and graphic design. The vast majority of colleges and universities that offer computer science degrees will offer this specialization, whether as a concentration or as a minor. Software engineers are much in demand, and this area of focus is growing faster than average, especially for application developers. On average, software engineers earn over $100,000 a year.
4. Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence is a rapidly expanding field, connecting the field of computer-driven machines with human learning capabilities. From chatbots to androids, AI is quickly becoming a part of everyday human life, all over the world. While specialization in artificial intelligence is not yet broadly offered at colleges and universities, a number of institutions have introduced this specialization and continue to develop it as new AI discoveries are made. Computer scientists who specialize in artificial intelligence can expect to earn better than $170,000 a year.
5. UI/UX Design
User interface and user experience design in CS is a specialization that merges computing knowledge with psychology, graphic, and art to improve and perfect the way humans interact with computers and computing machines. UI/UX designers and engineers focusing on making software, applications, and machines as usable and accessible as possible. Most institutions offer a UI/UX design specialization. UI/UX engineers earn an average of $80,000 per annum.
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Each of these specializations in computer science offers a unique path to the computer science student depending on their skills and interests and each offers a path to financial stability and long-ranging and sustainable careers in the field.